Intel Compute Stick

Intel Compute Stick

Original article can be found here.

Intel Compute Stick

  • PROS
  • A full Windows PC for $150. As small and light as a candy bar. Plugs directly into an HDMI port in a monitor or HDTV. Can add storage via microSD. Has 802.11 b/g/n Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Quiet.
  • CONS
  • Just 19GB of storage available. Only one USB port. Incompatible with some USB 3.0 hard drives. Need a USB mouse to initially set up Bluetooth devices. Requires included HDMI extension cable in tight quarters.
  • BOTTOM LINE
  • The Intel Compute Stick is a full Windows PC that fits in the palm of your hand and can be used with any HDMI-equipped display. It’s $150, easy to set up, and is the most portable computer you can buy.

BY JOEL SANTO DOMINGO

A PC you can fit into the palm of your hand? That’s been a pipe dream for most computer manufacturers. But it looks like Intel is setting up to change the technology landscape with its Compute Stick ($150 as tested), a complete Windows 8.1 small-form-factor (SFF) desktop PC that’s not that much bigger than a USB flash drive. You set it up simply by plugging it into any display that has a free HDMI-in port, from the 22-inch monitor on your desk to the 80-inch HDTV mounted on your rec room wall. It uses the same energy-efficient technology that powers laptops and tablets, like the E-Fun Nextbook 10.1$179.00 at Walmart and theToshiba Encore 2 Write$434.65 at Amazon, albeit without a built-in screen. It won’t win any speed records, but at $150, it’s almost an impulse buy. The Compute Stick is a game changer, and easily earns our Editors’ Choice nod for innovation.

Design
The Compute Stick$664.00 at B&H Photo-Video is an extension of the work Intel has done with system on chip (SoC) technology. In essence, the many motherboard chips that would have been installed on a larger PC are built into the Compute Stick’s Intel Atom Z3735F processor instead. This simplifies construction, and the result is a PC built into a black, plastic, rectangular chassis measuring approximately 0.5 by 4 by 1.5 inches (HWD) and weighing a mere 1.9 ounces. It’s a little longer than the 3.40-by-2.2-inch Raspberry Pi 2 Model B$41.74 at Amazon, not including the embedded connectors, but adding an outer case to the Raspberry Pi 2’s bare motherboard will even out the difference quickly. Portable external solid-state drives (SSDs) like the Monster Digital Overdrive mini (512GB)$297.23 at Amazon are closer in comparable size and weight. There are a couple of vents to cool the system, but it essentially looks like a large USB memory stick with an HDMI plug instead of a USB connector. And there’s a prominent white ‘Intel Inside’ logo.


Wait, This Isn’t Windows to Go?
You may ask how the Compute Stick is different from Windows to Go (WTG) drives like the similarly priced Spyrus WorkSafe (64GB). Both let you take your PC work environment with you in your pocket. However, WTG drives need to be plugged into a PC of some kind to work, and that host PC then runs the copy of Windows on the drive. The Compute Stick is a self-contained desktop PC that has its own 2GB of memory, Atom processor, and 32GB eMMC Flash storage (which is analogous to an SSD). With a WTG drive, you have to buy and install a copy of Windows on the drive yourself, while the Compute Stick comes with Windows 8.1 pre-loaded. A $110 Ubuntu Linux version of the Compute Stick with 1GB of memory and 8GB of storage is coming in June 2015, according to Intel, while this Windows 8.1 model goes on sale at the end of April.

Intel Compute Stick

Features and ConnectivitySince the Compute Stick is so small and weighs only a couple of ounces, it’s even more portable than a tablet or external hard drive. To use it, you just have toslide the system’s built-in HDMI connector into a free HDMI port on a computer monitor or HDTV. You may need to use the included HDMI extension cable in tight quarters, but as long as you have enough space behind your display, the system is light enough to attach permanently. Connect the included AC adapter to the micro USB port on the stick, and you can then power it on. This is a lot easier than the hobbyist-oriented Raspberry Pi 2 Model B, which needs a separate HDMI cable, a power supply, and a case to protect its circuits from prying fingers.

Other ports are limited to a security notch (so you can lock the system down with a cable), a single USB 2.0 port, and a microSD slot. You can connect a USB wireless dongle, a wired keyboard, or a mouse to the USB port, or use Bluetooth to connect a wireless keyboard set. You’ll have to buy the keyboard or mouse separately or reuse a set you have lying around the house or office, since none are included with the system. We used the Microsoft All-in-One Media Keyboard$25.04 at Amazon(with its USB dongle) and Microsoft Arc Touch Mouse Surface Edition$62.00 at Amazon (via Bluetooth) without issue. You will have to connect a USB mouse of some kind to pair a Bluetooth keyboard and mouse, since the Compute Stick doesn’t automatically search for for devices during initial setup. Besides Bluetooth, the Compute stick is equipped with 802.11b/g/n Wi-Fi for wireless connectivity.

Intel Compute Stick

The 32GB of storage doesn’t seem like a lot, and there is only about 19.3GB free given Windows 8.1 and its recovery partition. The most convenient way to add more storage (up to 128GB) is via the microSD slot. You can also use the Compute Stick with cloud storage and services like BoxFree at Amazon,DropboxFree at iTunes, Google DriveFree at iTunes, and Microsoft OneDrive. If you’ve paired a Bluetooth keyboard and mouse, the USB port will be free, allowing you to connect external storage. Just make sure the USB stick is light or that the hard drive’s cable is long enough that the drive is supported on another surface like a tabletop to avoid putting on extra weight and stress on the HDMI connector on your display. The USB port on the Compute Stick worked with most drives we tested, like a couple of random giveaway USB memory sticks, the Fujitsu HandyDrive (400GB) , and the Monster Digital Overdrive mini. However, the system couldn’t use the G-Technology G-Drive Mobile$139.95 at Amazon because the drive’s power drain was too high for the USB port.

How Is it in Action?
Intel includes the 32-bit version of Windows 8.1 on the Compute Stick. While that blocks out 64-bit programs (more on that later), the majority of Windows programs will load successfully. The system can also run any Windows-based browser plug-in, including extensions for Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, and Opera. In comparison, Chrome-OS-equipped systems like the Asus Chromebox M004U$159.99 at Amazon and the upcoming Asus Chromebit USB stick can’t run Windows programs and plug-ins natively.

Viewing streaming videos using the Compute Stick is smooth. In testing, the system woke from sleep in a couple of seconds after I tapped the Microsoft All-in-One Media keyboard, and all of the keyboard’s media controls worked perfectly. We watched 480p, 720p, and 1080p videos from Amazon Prime, Hulu, Netflix, and YouTube. Frame rates are smooth, though a critical eye will notice the occasional stutter or missed frame. That’s as good as watching a video on larger, inexpensive desktops like the Lenovo IdeaCentre Q190 (57327830)$249.99 at Lenovo or theZotac Zbox CI320 nano Plus Windows 8.1 With Bing$262.73 at Amazon. Since the Atom processor doesn’t need a fan, the system is quiet.

 

Performance
With only 2GB of memory and an Intel Atom Z3735F processor, the Compute Stick’s benchmark test results are understandably on the low side. The system’s score of 1,414 points on the PCMark 8 Work Conventional test is lower than systems with a Celeron processor, like the Lenovo Q190 (1,912) and Zotac Zbox CI320 nano plus (1,496), and way behind Core i3- and Core i5-equipped desktops like the Acer Aspire ATC-605-UB11$812.99 at Amazon(3,017) and the HP Pavilion miniBest Price at Amazon (2,273).
The 2GB of memory prevents the Compute Stick from completing our Adobe Photoshop test, and the 32-bit Windows 8.1 OS means the system can’t run the 64-bit CineBench R15 test. The Compute Stick was able to complete the Handbrake test in 8 minutes, 20 seconds, which was six minutes slower than the Acer ATC-605-UB11 budget desktop (1:47). Single-digit frame rates on our Heaven and Valley 3D gaming tests looked like slideshows. The Compute Stick is sufficient for everyday PC tasks and for viewing videos and browser games, rather than anything strenuous like playing Call of Duty 12.

Conclusion
The Intel Compute Stick lets you carry a Windows PC in your pocket. At about $150, the system offers healthy competition for Chrome-OS-based desktops like the Acer Chromebox CXI-4GKM$215.99 at Amazon and the Asus Chromebox M400U. It’s certainly more compatible with your older Windows programs and browser plug-ins than the Chromeboxes. It costs $100 less than the Dell Inspiron Small Desktop 3000 Series (3646)$249.00 at Dell, the Lenovo Q190, and the Zotac Zbox CI320 nano plus, but it lags those three more traditional desktops in terms of connectivity and upgradability.

Would I buy one? The answer is a resounding yes. The Intel Compute Stick is less expensive than a Chromebox, and it’s more usable than hobbyist systems like the Raspberry Pi 2, which requires a lot more leg work to get up and running. The Compute Stick doesn’t neatly fit into any of our existing desktop PC categories; instead, it shakes up the landscape, and ushers in an exciting new direction for computers in general, all for a very affordable price. As such, it earns our Editors’ Choice.

IBM, Fujifilm cram 220TB of data onto tape-based storage that fits in your hand

IBM and Fujifilm have figured out how to fit 220TB of data on a standard-size tape that fits in your hand, flexing the technology’s strengths as a long-term storage medium.The prototype Fujifilm tape and accompanying drive technology from IBM labs packs 88 times as much data onto a tape as industry-standard LTO-6 (Linear Tape-Open) systems using the same size cartridge, IBM says. LTO6 tape can hold 2.5TB, uncompressed, on a cartridge about 10 by 10 centimeters (4 by 4 inches) across and 2 centimeters thick.

The new technologies won’t come out in products for several years and may not be quite as extreme when they do, but the advances show tape can keep getting more dense into the future, said Mark Lantz, manager of IBM’s Advanced Tape Technologies Group.

Tape is already the least expensive storage medium per bit, easily beating spinning hard disks or solid-state drives. The trade-off is slower retrieval time—about a minute—but this makes tape perfect for archiving large amounts of infrequently used data, Lantz said. IBM thinks it’s perfect for cloud storage and is working on other advances toward that end, such as an object-storage interface. The interface could make tape systems work with cloud object storage systems such as OpenStack Swift, IBM says.

But the core advantages of tape all come back to density, and the technology IBM is demonstrating this week at the National Association of Broadcasters show in Las Vegas boosts this in several ways. The tracks on the tape are narrower, the heads are smaller, and even the particles of barium ferrite that store each bit are finer. All are now measured in nanometers, so the movement of the heads has to be more precise, too. It’s accurate to within less than 6 nanometers, IBM says.

The density of tape storage doubles about every two years, and that’s likely to continue over the next decade, Lantz said. But innovations take a while to get from labs to enterprises. For example, tape technologies IBM developed in 2007 are hitting the market only now. It’s likely the latest prototypes will take about as long, counting both development and product design, he said.

Source:
http://www.pcworld.com/article/2908652/ibm-fujifilm-show-tape-storage-still-has-a-long-future.html

Innodisk Prepares For Intel Skylake Processors With New DDR4 Modules

Flash and DRAM company Innodisk announced new DDR4 memory modules specifically for Intel’s upcoming Skylake Platform. The DDR4 modules announced include both DIMM and compact SO-DIMM module types and are manufactured for use in industrial environments. Skylake processors, set to be released sometime in Q3 2015, will still be backwards compatible with DDR3 modules.

Innodisk made sure to point out the advantages its DDR4 modules will have over other DDR3 sticks in industrial settings. According to Innodisk, “The new unbuffered long DIMM and compact SO-DIMM memory offerings will feature significantly lower power consumption and higher performance than comparable DDR3 modules.”

When compared to common DDR3 SDRAM modules, Innodisk claims a 30 percent increase in performance and a 20 percent reduction in power consumption. Each module contains a thermal sensor that can provide temperature information for individual module monitoring. Additionally, each module is covered with a conformal coating to help prevent minor environmental damage, an obvious risk when placed into industrial environments, and it uses the extra thick 30u Golden Finger connector.

All modules run at a frequency of 2133 MHz at 1.2V and are available in either 4 GB or 8 GB sticks. The two server modules are ECC (error-correcting code) unbuffered memory, while the other two are non-ECC unbuffered memory. All modules are compliant with JEDEC Solid State Technology Association memory standards.

 

Source:

http://www.tomsitpro.com/articles/innodisk-ddr4-memory-module,1-2516.html

Through the cites of the word in classical literature

Through the cites of the word in classical literature

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